Duldzin Drakpa Gyaltsen (1374 -1434)

Name Variants: Drakpa Gyaltsen

Duldzin Drakpa Gyaltsen (’dul ’dzin grags pa rgyal mtshan) was born in Drangyul (sbrang yul), in U. A Kadampa monk, he was a main disciple of Tsongkhapa Lobzang Drakpa (tsong kha pa blo bzang grags pa, 1357-1419) and Gyaltsab Je Dharma Rinchen (rgyal tshab rje dar ma rin chen, 1364-1432). He was regarded by some followers of the Gelug tradition as one of the Je Yabsesum (rje yab sras gsum), the three main disciples of Tsongkhapa, in place of Khedrub Je Gelek Pelzang (mkhas grub rje dge legs dpal bzang, 1385-1438). He ordained with Drigung Choje (l’bri gung chos rje) and studied also with Drigung Kutog Nyernyipa (’bri gung sku thog nyer gnyis pa, d.u.). He later studied Vinaya at Draktsan (brag tshan), and mastered the complete works of Buton Rinchen Drub (bu ston rin chen grub, 1290-1364).

Tsongkhapa praised Drakpa Gyaltsen for his strict mastery of the monastic codes. He is known for his writing on the Vinaya as well as on the Sarvadurgatiparisodhana tantra. Most of his known compositions are currently unaccounted for.

Drakpa Gyaltsen founded the monastery of Tsunmo Tsal (btsun mo tshal) in Tagtse Dzong (stag rtse rdzong), in U.

His students numbered all of the most important Gelug lamas of his day. Among them were Jamyang Choje Tashi Palden (’jam dbyangs chos rje bkra shis dpal ldan, 1379-1449), the founder of Drepung Monastery (’bras spungs).

Tshe mchog gling yongs ’dzin ye shes rgyal mtshan. 1970 (1787). Byang chub lam gyi rim pa’i bla ma brgyud pa’i rnam par thar pa rgyal mtshan mdzes pa’i rgyan mchog phul byung nor bu’i phreng ba. New Delhi: Ngawang Gelek Demo. Vol I, pp. 822 ff.

Grags pa ’byung gnas. 1992. Gangs can mkhas grub rim byon ming mdzod. Lanzhou: Kan su’u mi rigs dpe skrun khang, pp. 886-887.

Gene Smith
February 2010


I extracted from:


Although the bio is short it is very inspiring. Traditonally there’s the Je Yab Se sum statue/thangkas sets.

Je Yab refers to Father Tsongkapa. Se is referring to the two close sons which is Kedrup Rinpoche and Gyaltsab Rinpoche are always depicted on the right and left respectively from our side of looking at the thangka.

According to this bio, Dulzin was so highly revered that in the father and son ‘team’ Dulzin is to replace Kedrup Rinpoche in the Je yab se sum depictions. That is amazing.
Also one of the students of Dulzin is the founder of Drepung which has produced countless enlightened teachers even till now.

Of course everyone knows that Dulzin Drakpa Gyeltsen is one of the previous incarnations of Dorje Shugden during the time of Tsongkapa.


Tsongkhapa and Two Sons

Dulzin Drakpa Gyeltsen


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